A fifth of young people in the UK have been bullied in the past 12 months, an annual report has found.
Three out of four people who were bullied said it affected their mental health and nearly half became depressed as a result, according to the study by charity Ditch the Label.
These figures were almost identical to those from last year’s survey.
Children’s commissioner for England, Anne Longfield, said “more needs to be done” considering the “worrying” data.
More than 2,000 young people aged between 12 and 20 provided responses for the survey about their experiences of bullying and the impact it has had on their lives in the past year.
It also assessed prejudice-based views including racism, sexism, homophobia, disablism and transphobia to better understand bullying behaviour.
A clear definition: an attitude of oppression of the weakest, with reference to physical and psychological violence carried out especially in school or youth environments “.
The first researcher to investigate bullying Then Olwens , – in 1973, Norway – used the word mobbing to describe it, some Western countries have borrowed it to mean bullying. In fact, according to a study conducted in 14 Western countries, there are at least 67 words that revolve around the same concept. And almost all the terms would in turn be attributable to 6 types of bullying : bullying in general, verbal bullying and physical bullying, verbal bullying, social exclusion, physical aggression, and not only physical aggression. The Bullying statistics website simplifies it even further by categorizing bullying into 4 categories: verbal bullying (offenses, nicknames, harassment), social bullying (gossip spreading rumours), physical bullying (punches, blows, shoves) and cyberbullying (any form of harassment through the Internet). According to psychologists, each of these forms is equally harmful, although only physical bullying showed more obvious signs.
BULLS AND VICTIMS: ALL UNHAPPY.
While it is true that bullying can cause a lot of psychological harm (and not only) to victims, those who commit bullying often face the same fate: a 2013 study by the Association for Psychological Science found that both bullies how much their victims are likely to suffer as they enter adulthood. According to the study, both, and therefore not just the victims, are likely to be more likely to experience school failure.
THE ANSWER TO BULLETS
“Karate as an anti-bullying strategy by improving resilience and self-efficacy in school-age young people” , bullying is characterized by power imbalances in relationships, which can lead to negative social consequences. Young people with higher levels of resilience and self-efficacy are less likely to engage in aggressive behaviour or be bullied. Karate, a martial art that emphasizes respect, self-regulation, and health promotion, can be an effective alternative to institutions’ failing approach to bullying.
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effect of a 12-week karate-based intervention on resilience and self-efficacy on 100 students from 3 high schools, aged 14-16.
The findings suggest that Karate-based psychosocial intervention can improve young people’s resilience and self-efficacy and make them less likely to engage in aggressive behaviour or be bullied. Evidence supports anti-bullying policies are inconsistent.
Therefore, Karate should be considered as an alternative practice to improve the individual’s ability to cope with the effects of bullying and an effective alternative to the institutions’ bankruptcy anti-bullying approach. Future research should develop a professional learning program for teachers to facilitate similar programs that could be incorporated into a physical education program.
Karate can play a fundamental role in stemming bullying among young people. Martial arts are a tool that should be exploited and promoted precisely for its undoubted social and educational value. The environment that is found in a dojo (place of practice), is a serene, sincere, loyal environment, and is an excellent relief valve to discharge those tensions that would otherwise explode into bad attitudes.